2-Day Course: ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY: Process and Mechanisms in Conventional and Heavy Oil Systems

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2-Day Course: ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY: Process and Mechanisms in Conventional and Heavy Oil Systems


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A 2-Day Special Course

Presented by Dr. Apostolos Kantzas & Dr. Jonathan Bryan

REGISTER BY: Stay tuned for new course dates!


The focus of many of the world’s oil fields is now moving to either improved/enhanced oil recovery from mature fields, or development of new unconventional resources, for which conventional methods such as waterflooding or primary recovery may not be possible.  As projects become larger, more expensive and vastly more complex, it is valuable to have an understanding of Enhanced Oil Recovery processes, and how they can be used to produce oil from these fields.  This course focuses on understanding where oil is located within a given porous medium, and developing EOR processes that are designed to target this residual oil.  The basics of trapping and mobility ratio are used to understand polymer floods, surfactant and alkali floods, and solvent floods.  This course also offers a unique insight into EOR in heavy oil and bitumen systems, and the challenges faced with recovering viscous oil in difficult reservoirs.

This course will be taught in the form of lectures with example problems dispersed throughout, which are designed to help course participants to internalize and understand the principles being taught.


    DAY 1: 

    Introduction to Enhanced Oil Recovery

  • Overview of Enhanced Oil Recovery
  • Review of relative permeability and capillary pressure – trapping mechanisms in water wet and oil wet porous media
  • Capillary Number – definition and interpretations
  • Mobility ratio – definition and interpretations
  • Displacement Efficiency and Volumetric Sweep Efficiency (microscopic and macroscopic sweep efficiency)
  • Waterflooding of Heavy Oils:

  • Understanding oil trapping in conventional vs. heavy oils
  • Instability and breakthrough efficiency
  • Capillary imbibition and post-breakthrough oil production
  • Polymer Flooding:

  • Properties of polymers
  • Polymer flood injectivity
  • Fractional flow in waterfloods vs. polymer floods
  • Polymer flooding in heavy oil systems
  • Case Studies of polymer flooding tests

    Day 2:

    Review of concepts learned in Day 1

    Surfactant, AS and ASP Flooding

  • Definition of different surfactant types
  • Alkali flooding vs. surfactant flooding
  • Surfactant-brine-oil phase behaviours and IFT
  • Displacement mechanisms
  • Case Studies of chemical screening tests
  • Chemical-rock interactions & adsorption of chemicals
  • Case Studies of AS vs. ASP vs. polymer flood results
  • Alkali and surfactant flooding in heavy oil systems
  • Foam flooding – stability and displacement mechanisms
  • Foam injection in high temperature systems
  • Immiscible Gas Injection for EOR of Conventional Oil

  • Trapping in drainage vs. imbibition
  • Oil banking and production from immiscible gas injection
  • Laboratory and field case studies
  • Solvent Flooding for EOR in Conventional Oils

  • Review of capillary trapping & definitions of miscibility
  • Laboratory processes to measure miscibility, oil swelling and diluted oil properties
  • Solvents after waterflooding – WAG vs. continuous solvent injection
  • Solvent Flooding for EOR in Heavy Oil & Bitumen

  • Miscibility in heavy oils
  • Solvent processes in heavy oils – viscosity, swelling, foamy oil flow
  • Diffusion and dispersion
  • Peclet number and solvent flooding efficiency
  • Introduction to VAPEX
  • Heat/solvent system

    About the Presenters

    Dr. Kantzas, P. Eng., founded the Tomographic Imaging & Porous Media Laboratory in 1994. A professor from the University of Calgary, Dr. Kantzas has tremendous experience in leading advanced research of porous media, primarily dealing with petroleum reservoir engineering issues. Expert in Tomographic Imaging, Porous Media Physics and Magnetic Resonance Sensor Technology, Dr. Kantzas has led a large research team at the University of Calgary previously under a Canada Research Chair Program and currently under an NSERC/AITF Industrial Research Chair in Fundamentals of Unconventional Resources (FUR).

    Dr. Jon Bryan, P. Eng., did his MSc and PhD degrees at the University of Calgary. He has been a frequent collaborator in Dr. Kantzas’ Canada Research Chair and NSERC Chair in Unconventional Resources. Dr. Bryan has expertise in petrophysics and enhanced oil recovery, and manages many of the service and core flooding projects at PERM Inc.

Additional information


8:30 AM to 4:00 PM (with one hour for lunch)


PERM Inc., 3956 29 Street NE, Calgary, AB T1Y 6B6


$1,700 CAD + GST

Food & Beverages

Food and beverages are included

Course Notes

A copy of the course notes are included


Dr. Apostolos Kantzas & Dr. Jonathan Bryan



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