Pore-Level Benard-Marangoni Convection in Microgravity
Mohammadmoradi, P., Kantzas, A.
Pore-level displacement of heavy-oil during thermal operations such as SAGD and CSS is a multi-scale phenomenon due to the complex nature of depletion mechanisms. As the gravity drainage is the main depletion mechanism within the intergranular pore space, the surface tension-related phenomena are dominant within microstructures and intragranular pore spaces. In a micro-scale pore-throat system, the effect of Marangoni flow is amplified because of extremely reduced buoyancy-driven flows; microgravity. Due to the low Bond number, the fluid-fluid and solid-fluid interface development is controlled by the geometry and wettability of the medium and is not greatly affected by gravity and viscose forces. In this work the COMSOL Multiphysics® software platform is used to simulate oil mobilization in a single-pore geometry as a result of Bénard-Marangoni convection mechanism and the reduction of the bypassed oil saturation due to the thermally induced interfacial tension gradient fluxes is monitored. The displacement scenarios are designed and conducted in a wide range of temperature and wettability conditions. According to the results, during the heating process the fluids configuration is dictated by the capillary pressure and deformed by the capillary pressure gradient across the interface.