Disinfecting E-Coli Bacteria in Drinking Water Using a Novel Fluidized Bed Reactor
Kabir, M., Haque, F., Vaisman, E., Langford, C.H. and Kantzas, A.
International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering, 1, A39, Chemical Reactor Engineering IX, Quebec City, Quebec, June 29-July 4, 2003.
Disinfecting microorganisms such as E.coli is a great concern in drinking water supply facilities around the world. Photocatalysis became an attractive technology to disinfect microorganisms due to its ability to degrade very low concentration of microorganisms without producing any harmful by-products. The use of optical fibre mesh reactors and slurry type photocatalytic reactors has been investigated by researchers around the world. It was shown that such reactors have low potential to be scaled up. An annular type fluidized bed reactor has been constructed and tested to disinfect E.coli bacteria. A specially prepared catalyst (TiO2 + Glass Bead + Zeolite) was used for this purpose. The proposed catalyst offered better degradation of E.coli compared to existing technology. Fluidization enhances the degradation of E-coli by moving the catalyst particles to the illuminated zone. E.coli degradation is tested in a similar arrangement in small scale with 100cm3 of contaminated water with the 106 E-coli/cm3. Repeated experiments were done with/without the presence of catalyst along with UV irradiation. With the presence of catalyst in the fluidized condition, the E-coli count is reduced to only 100/cm3 whereas the E-coli count after 30 minutes of UV irradiation only became 1800/cm3. The efficiency of E.coli removal is increased to 99.99% from 99.82% by using the proposed technology. Results of small scale prompted a construction of a pilot plant scale reactor and effectiveness of this reactor is being tested. Use of supported catalyst and the effective illumination of catalyst by fluidization help faster disinfection of microorganisms by this reactor. It has been found that the pilot scale is capable of degrading 84% of E.coli within 80minutes compared with 77.3% by using UV only which has capacity of handling 46 litre/min. E.coli degradation in larger scale is being tested for the first time and its result compared with only UV destruction is promising. The potential to use this method on a continuous reactor increases the potential for scale up.