An Analytical Model for the Determination of Effective Heat Conduction of Nanofluids
Behrang, A., Taheri, S., Kantzas, A.
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 107, April 2017, Pages 461-467.
In this study, we use Maxwell’s homogenization method followed by mesoscopic analysis to study heat transfer in nanofluids. It is explored how microconvection resulting from the Brownian motion of nanoparticles and the nanolayer formation around nanoparticles are impacting the effective thermal conductivity of nanofluids. The heat transfer within the nanolayer is addressed by direct solution of the Boltzmann transport equation. The results obtained from experimental observations agree with model predictions.