Determination of Bubble Diameter and Axial Velocity for a Polyethylene Fluidized Bed Using X-ray Fluoroscopy
Hulme, I. and Kantzas, A.
Powder Technology, 147(1-3), October 2004, Pages 20-33.
Gas–solid fluidized bed reactors have many industrial applications and have been studied extensively. Yet despite the amount of research on the subject there is considerable disagreement to their behaviour. Part of the disagreement is due to the varied techniques used to examine them. In this study we are examining, using non-intrusive techniques, the hydrodynamics of a partially scaled down reactor used in the production of polyethylene. In particular, we are using digital fluoroscopy to determine the properties of bubbles that form in the reactor. The goal of the research is to develop a tool that can be used to validate CFD models. The first part of the paper examines the tools used and software developed to study the properties of the bubbles. The second part of the paper discusses results from experiments conducted using glass beads (150 to 250 μm) and polyethylene particles (mean diameter of 850 μm and density of 650 kg/m3 with a wide particle size distribution), which were used to validate the developed experimental technique and software using correlations in literature.